The 7 Bamboo Species We Use the Most
It may be hard to believe, but there are 1,400 documented species of bamboo on the planet! They are spread around the world, though about 900 (64%) of them naturally grow in Southeast Asia, including 145 specifically endemic to Indonesia.
With just one species, you can produce a variety of products, anything from food to construction material. This post is about 7 of the most important species we use for construction here in Bali.
Dendrocalamus Asper | Bambu Petung
This is the biggest bamboo we use. Strong and dependable, it is used in most of our bamboo buildings. You can see structural and traditional use of Petung at our Bamboo Office.
Average heights: 15 -30 meters
Average diameters: 8 to 20 cm
Principle use: construction and food (the young shoots are considered delicious!)
Distinguishing features: the aerial roots- little hairs, just above the nodes.
Dendrocalamus Asper Niger | Bambu Petung Hitam
Due to a genetic mutation, this is a naturally black tinted version of Bambu Petung. Though the poles exhibit less structural strength than their blonde counterparts, they are often used for their beauty. A great example of this species in use is: The Minang House at Bambu Indah.
Gigantochloa Apus | Bambu Tali
Gigantochloa Atroviolacea | Bambu Tali Hitam
This is the black tinted variant of Gigantochloa, very similar to Gigantachloa apus but slightly larger and extremely elegant
Bambusa Blumeana | Bambu Duri
This species is commonly known as Thorny Bamboo, as its shape is less straight and regular than others. In our designs, it not only serves us structurally but, it also becomes a beautiful aesthetic element.
Average heights: 20-30 meters
Average diameters: 10-18 cm
Principle use: construction and decoration.
Distinguishing features: its swollen nodes and unique shape.
Thyrsostachys Siamensis | Bambu Jakarta
Bambu Jakarta has a particularly yellow hue. This is an appealing characteristic which we use in our designs, particularly in our furnishings or smaller structures. You can see Bambu Jakarta being featured in one of our past yurts.
Average heights: 7 to 13 meters
Average diameters: 2 to 6 cm.
Principle use: food, paper and construction.
Distinguishing features: bambu jakarta has especially long internodes, ranging from 15 to 30 cm in length. The culm walls are also especially thick, giving this species its structural integrity.
After finishing her Masters of Architecture at the University of Hong Kong where she wrote her thesis about bamboo construction for the rural communities of Bali, she now forms part of the Bamboo U Team as a Management Consulting Professional.
August 19th, 2022
Join The Bamboo U Online Course
Our bamboo architecture classes provide you with all the fundamentals you need to get you started working with bamboo.